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The five obligatory prayers in Islam

Publié le 28/03/2011 à 09:55 par dinouna Tags : Islam
The five obligatory prayers in Islam

The five obligatory prayers in Islam


For other uses, see Fajr (disambiguation).

1-The Fajr (Arabic:???  ?) prayer is the first of the five dailyprayers recited by practisingMuslims. (Fajr meansdawn in theArabic language.)The five daily prayers collectively form one pillar of the Five Pillars of Islam, in Sunni Islam, and one of the ten Practices of the Religion (Fur? al-D?n) according to Shia Islam.

The Fajr prayer is mentioned by name in the Qur'an at sura 24 (An-Nur) ayah.[1] Inspired by the tafsir of the two hadiths that were transmitted on behalf of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, the worth of the Fajr daily prayer is explained as being God's most-favoured prayer since others are asleep. This has made the Fajr daily prayer the most essential and obligatory congregational prayer to be held by Muslims together in groups in mosques.

Fajr prayer requires two fard raka??t. In a congregation, the leader of the prayer (imam) recites aloud. However, two sunnah raka??t are highly recommended prior to the two Fard raka??t. It is reported that Muhammad stated, regarding the sunnah prayer of Fajr, "It is more superior than the world and everything within it." (Sahih Muslim 1:151)[not in citation given]

The time period within which the Fajr daily prayer must be recited is from the beginning of dawn[2] to sunrise.

The call to Fajr prayer marks the beginning of the obligatory daily fasting (sawm) during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. The Qur'an relates a sura, Al-Fajr, by the same name.



2-The dhuhr (Arabic:???  ?) prayer ("dh" representing???, an emphaticvoiced dental fricative; it is often simplified to "z") is the prayer aftermidday (but before the time for theAsr prayer.) Performed daily by practicingMuslims, it is the second of the five daily prayers (salah, theIslamic day begins atmaghrib). The five daily prayers collectively are one of theFive Pillars of Islam inSunni Islam, and one of the tenPractices of the Religion (Fur? al-D?n) according toShia Islam. It is reduced to tworaka??t when traveling.

In both of the sects, four raka??t are required (Fard) and are prayed silently.[1] However, in Sunni Islam, four raka??t prior to the Fard raka'ah and two raka??t following the Fard raka'ah are highly recommended. The second raka'ah is sunnah.

On Friday the Dhuhr prayer is replaced by Jumu'ah, which is obligatory for all Muslim males above the age of puberty who are resident and without a legitimate excuse.



See also: ASR

3-The Asr (Arabic:???  ?) prayer is the afternoon daily prayer recited by practising Muslims. It is the third of the five daily prayers (the Islamic date begins at maghrib). The five daily prayers collectively are one pillar of the Five Pillars of Islam, in Sunni Islam, and one of the ten Practices of the Religion (Fur? al-D?n) according to Shia Islam. The Asr prayer is a four raka??t daily prayer and is prayed (barely[1]) silently. When travelling, according to some madh'habs, it may be reduced to two raka??t. The Asr daily prayer may be mentioned as the middle prayer in the Qur'an at sura 2 (Al-Baqara), ayat 238,[2] and also the name of a short sura (surat al-Asr). This raises the middle daily prayer to a preciously higher rank for practicing Muslims in particular when it falls on Fridays.



4-The Maghrib prayer, prayed just after sunset, is the fourth of five formal daily prayers (salat) performed by practicingMuslims.

The formal daily prayers ofIslam comprise different numbers of units, called rak'at. The Maghrib prayer has three obligatory (fard) rak'at. The first two fard rak'at are prayed aloud, and the third is prayed silently. InSunniIslam, two further sunnah rak'at following the fard rak'at are highly recommended.


5-The Isha (Arabic:????  ?) prayer is the night-time daily prayer recited by practising Muslims. It is the fifth of the five daily prayers–[1] (salah) [islamic evening begins at maghrib]. The five daily prayers collectively are one pillar of the Five Pillars of Islam, in Sunni Islam, and one of the ten Practices of the Religion (Fur? al-D?n) according to Shia Islam. It is a 4 rak'ah prayer and the first 2 rak'ah are prayed aloud. When travelling, according to some madhhabs, it may be reduced to two rak'ahs.

In Islam, the Isha'a daily prayer has four required (Fard) rak'ah. However, in Sunni Islam, the two Sunnah rak'ah following the Isha'a are highly recommended and so is the 3 rakatWajib Witr. There are a few optional prayers that can be recited after the Isha'a prayer, including the Nafilat ul-Layl prayers (together termedtahajjud), as well as thetarawih inRamadan

( Source : Wikipedia)

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NORHANIFA le 03/07/2012

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